What is Home Loan

Home or housing loans are advances made to borrowers who require funds to purchase houses/flats/land. They can also be availed of for construction, extension and renovation of houses. Lenders can be banking or non-banking financial institutions.

Features of Home Loan:

The salient features are outlined below:

  • They are secured advances.
  • Collateral is usually the property that is being funded. Existing property can also be put up as security.
  • Home loan interest rates are lower when compared to unsecured personal advances.
  • The advance can be used to fund property for residential or investment purposes.
  • Amounts offered are higher than under other types of loans; up to 85% of the property value.
  • Repayments are made in EMIs (Equated Monthly Instalments).
  • Pre-payments are allowed, to reduce liability.
  • They are long-term in nature; tenors usually vary between 5 - 30 years
  • Non-interest charges include processing fees, pre-payment charges, inspection fees, documentation fees etc.
  • Non-interest charges include processing fees, pre-payment charges, inspection fees, documentation fees etc.
  • They qualify for tax benefits as per provisions of the IT Act, 1961 (subject to changes).

Home Loan Eligibility - Getting In On the Deal:

Every lender assesses a customer differently but, by and large, the basic criteria a borrower should satisfy to be eligible for a home loan are outlined below:

  • Age: The minimum age at the time of application should be 21 years. Repayments have to be completed before the age of 60 or 65.
  • Employment: Ability to service interest charges, as reflected in the borrower's earning capacity, is important. Borrowers should:
  • Be salaried employees or self-employed persons (professional/non-professional)
  • Have been in employment/business for at least 3 years of which current employment should account for at least 1 year.
  • Income: A minimum income varying between Rs.5 - 7 lakhs would be required. This depends on the nature of employment, i.e. salaried or self-employed.
  • Residence: At least one year of stay at the current residence is required to display stability.
  • Credit Rating: A good credit score is required (a score of 750-900 from CIBIL is considered good). Besides this, a healthy financial background is vital for approval and to determine the interest rate and loan amount.

Documents Required for Home Loan - For the file!

Documents to be submitted differ according to the eligibility requirements. The following, however, are commonly requested for:

  • The application form which has to be signed and affixed with the specified number and size of photographs.
  • Proof of identity, address, employment, income and tax paid as per KYC requirements. This usually includes:
  • Passport/Voter ID//Driving License/Ration Card/Utility Bills/Lease Agreements/Property Deeds/Salary Slips (3 most recent months)/Salary Certificate/Bank Statements (3-6 most recent months)/Audited financial statements/Form 16/ITR/Business deeds e.g. MOA, Partnership Agreement etc./Appointment Letter
  • Documentary evidence of the property to be funded.
  • Cheques for payment of fees charged to process the application.
  • In case of a joint application, the co-applicant will also be required to furnish similar paperwork.